Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 3. Influence of new host plants on. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and.

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The jalies are then hung Fig. The thread becomes wrapped around the body of larva forming a pupal case or cocoon.

Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. After the fourth moult, the caterpillar eats voraciously and becomes fully grown.

Samia ricini, the eri silkworm

About 3mm in length and 2. With the change to the third instar, they begin to look very different.

They should be handled only after washing the hands thoroughly with antiseptic solutions and drying the hands. Sometimes farmers may collect cocoons from the wild instead of eggs Fig.

The larvae undergo four moults and thus there are five larval stages. Non-mulberry sericigenous fauna belonging to the family Saturniidae superfamily Bombycoidea are mostly wild Silkmoths. Only eggs of disease-free moths are kept for hatching.

The wild sericigenous insects like tasar silkworms have in due course of time came to stay as semi-domestic for the regular efforts and interests that revolved round its economic utility. Ecdysone is secreted by prothoracic gland.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

The difference a day makes is surprising; you can see a couple of worms that hatched out a day or two later, and they’re significantly smaller. Emergence starts from dusk and continues till morning. When the adult moth emerges from a cocoon it makes a hole to get out. The reeling of the Silk filaments from these can be done with improved reeling machines. When the matured Caterpillers stop feeding they are transferred to cycke trays. Traditionally eri silk is the best example of ahimsa silk.


Kusuma Rajaiah of A. After selecting a suitable position for the formation of ring, which is cyc,e above a node, the caterpillar crawls down to form a hammock by tying a few leaves with Silk-threads. For the cultivation of the food plants first of all particular piece of land selected for the purpose is prepared ploughing, levelling, manuring etc.

The spun yarn is generally coarse with a denier ofwhile the reeled yarn is silkkworm and thin with a denier value of The maturity is achieved in erri 45 days since cgcle time of hatching and the matured caterpillar now measures 7—10 cms. The moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in summer and days in winter. Hatching takes place in the morning after ten days of incubation. Each female can lay about eggs [Fig. For speedy and healthy growth of the offshoots, it is necessary to give proper care and attention to host plants which includes eti, manuring, watering, and prunning at regular intervals.

Watering, manuring, and ploughing of the soil around the samplings are done at regular intervals according to the need.

They exhibit colour polymorphism, being brick red and creamy white. One pair each in segment 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 10th a short dorsal anal horn on the 8th segment and a series of spiracles on lateral sides. Sklkworm the back are the anal claspers, which have a surprisingly powerful grip.


They hatch out in about 8—12 days. You can see from the bushy antennae that it’s a male. On the back of the tray two strong stripes are firmly rri longitudinally. This is also a wild variety like tasar.

Two brownish parallel lines along the equatorial plane silkwormm the egg divide the surface into three zones; disk, streak and edge. Large quantity of Indian and Chinese tasar cocoons are utilized to produce various types of textiles. Any building or thatch which is well ventilated may be used for rearing the worms, but mud-walled thatched houses are the best as they are cool in summer and warm in winter season.

The thorax is 3 segmented and all the segments bear a pair of true jointed legs. Adults are very large with colourful wings spanning about 15 cm. At oviposition it is dark brown owing to the gummy coating of meconium. The female which is yellowish or deep brown in colour is larger than the brick-red coloured male. The obtect adectious pupa does not depart from the basic saturniidae pattern.

Muga cocoon is golden or light brown in colour, cm long and cm broad with a rudimentary peduncle without ring [Fig. These are medium to very large in size, and this family includes the largest moths. Its other ecoraces eeri distributed across the palaearctic and indo-australian biogeographic regions.

With successive moults the size increases and colour changes.